Dr's Messages

H1N1 influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a new strain of flu virus.

Flu viruses – H1N1 and seasonal flu – spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing. Sometimes children may catch flu by touching something infected with the virus and then touching their mouth or nose. There are several things you can do to prevent catching or spreading H1N1 or seasonal flu (see below).

H1N1 symptoms are similar to seasonal flu but may also include diarrhea and vomiting:

  * Fever
  * Cough
  * Sore throat
  * Body aches
  * Chills
  * Fatigue
  * Runny or stuffy nose
  * Headache
  * Diarrhea
  * Vomiting

Most people recover after about a week without lasting effects.

Seek emergency medical care if you or a family member has any of these symptoms:

  * Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  * Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  * Sudden dizziness
  * Confusion
  * Severe or persistent vomiting
  * Flu-like symptoms that improve, but then return with fever and worse cough
  * In babies, bluish or gray skin color, lack of responsiveness or extreme irritation

Step Throat

Common symptoms of strep throat in children and adults include:

  * Severe and sudden sore throat without coughing, sneezing, or other cold symptoms.
  * Pain or difficulty with swallowing.
  * Fever over 101F. Lower fevers may indicate a viral infection and not strep.
  * Swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
  * White or yellow spots or coating on the throat and tonsils.
  * Bright red throat or dark red spots on the roof of the mouth at the back near the throat.
  * Swollen tonsils, although this symptom may also be caused by a viral infection.

Scarlet Fever

In some cases of strep infection, a skin rash develops and spreads over the neck and chest and eventually over the whole body. The rash feels rough like sandpaper. This condition is called scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is treated with antibiotics. This usually leads to a quick recovery. Scarlet fever is not dangerous if treated.


You are viewing the text version of this site.

To view the full version please install the Adobe Flash Player and ensure your web browser has JavaScript enabled.

Need help? check the requirements page.

Get Flash Player